Understanding Chemistry

 

NUCLEOPHILIC SUBSTITUTION MECHANISMS MENU

Types of halogenoalkanes . . .

Desribes what is meant by primary, secondary and tertiary halogenoalkanes. Essential knowledge if you are to make sense of everything else in this section.

What is nucleophilic substitution? . . .

Includes background material on the bonding in halogenoalkanes, and general mechanisms for their nucleophilic substitution reactions.

Substitution reactions involving hydroxide ions . . .

The mechanisms for the formation of alcohols from halogenoalkanes by reaction with hydroxide ions.

Substitution reactions involving water . . .

The mechanisms for the formation of alcohols from halogenoalkanes by reaction with water.

Substitution reactions involving cyanide ions . . .

The mechanisms for the formation of nitriles from halogenoalkanes by reaction with cyanide ions.

Substitution reactions involving ammonia . . .

The mechanisms for the formation of various sorts of amines from halogenoalkanes by reaction with ammonia. Also includes the reactions between halogenoalkanes and amines.


Questions to test your understanding

If this is the first set of questions you have done, please read the introductory page before you start. You will need to use the BACK BUTTON on your browser to come back here afterwards.

These questions cover all of the work on nucleophilic substitution.

questions on nucleophilic substitution

answers


Go to menu of other types of mechanism. . .

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You might also be interested in:

properties and reactions of halogenoalkanes . . .

Covers all the physical and chemical properties of halogenoalkanes (haloalkanes or alkyl halides) required by UK A level syllabuses.



© Jim Clark 2000 (last modified April 2013)